Erikson's Stages - a reinterpretation by Judy Harrow 

AGE

danger of

imbalance

 

other directed

affiliation

mutuality

balance

"virtue"

self directed

autonomy

actuality

danger of

imbalance

infancy

overcompliance,

dependency

trust

HOPE

nurturance

caution

withdrawal

toddler

compulsiveness

severe self-doubt

restraint,

shame

WILL

assertiveness

spontaneity

freedom

selfishness

"play age"

inhibition

consideration,

cooperation

PURPOSE

relationship

assertiveness

competitiveness

aggression,
ruthlessness,
lack of empathy

elementary school

workaholism,

over scrupulousness

industriousness

COMPETENCE

skills

hedonism

inertia, laziness

adolescence

fanaticism,

xenophobia

cohesive identity

FIDELITY

values, ideals,

principles

flexibility

adaptability

aimlessness,

anomie, amorality

early adulthood

promiscuity

intimacy

LOVE

family and
community

autonomy

isolation

mature adulthood

overextension

generosity

CARE

prudence

grasping, hoarding,
stagnation

elderhood

despair

acceptance


WISDOM

control

clutching  


return to Chapter One -- Life Passages